Adras Silk Ikat is a hand-woven fabric produced in Uzbekistan according to ancient methods and traditions. The term "adras" refers to the fabric content which is about 60% silk (warp) and 40% cotton (weft). This blend gives adras its high strenth and density. During production, the silk wrap threads are looped in 2 meter bundles which are then tied off with cotton threads leaving areas either covered or exposed during the dyeing process. The process is repeated with different colors in a pre-determined order which will later dictate the pattern. The threads are then dried and later set up on a foot powered shuttle loom and woven into the design. Because of traditional production process, there will always be some variation in color and texture in each batch of fabric. Every two meters, the pattern reverses direction and there is a blurred line where the pattern ends and begins. The fabric is narrow, but it can be sewn together easily for larger panels.
Alo Bahkmal velvet weave is extremely difficult and time-consuming. There are two warp systems, one is undyed and forms the foundation of the fabric, and one, resist-dyed forms the pile. The resist-dyed pile is substantially longer, and is woven in very nice precise loops over a wire to make the pile ikat pattern, when several wires have been woven into the fabrics a knifis run along them to cut the loops, and free the wires, to create the texture.