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Adras Ikat is a hand-woven fabric produced in Uzbekistan according to ancient methods and traditions. The term "adras" refers to the fabric content which is about 60% silk (warp) and 40% cotton (weft). This blend gives adras its high strenth and density. During production, the silk warp threads are looped in 2 meter bundles (skeins) which are then tied off with cotton threads leaving areas either covered or exposed during the dyeing process. The process is repeated with different colors in a pre-determined order which will later dictate the pattern. The threads are then dried and later set up on a foot powered shuttle loom and woven into the design. Because of traditional production process, there will always be some variation in color and texture in each batch of fabric. Every two meters, the pattern reverses direction and there is a blurred line where the pattern ends and begins. The finished fabric is narrow, but it can easily be stitched together for use in larger projects.






Alo Bahkmal velvet weaving is extremely difficult and time-consuming. There are two warp systems, one is undyed and forms the foundation of the fabric, and the other resist-dyed system forms the pile. The resist-dyed thread is substantially longer, and is woven in very precise loops over a wire to create the ikat pattern.  When several wires have been woven into the fabric, a knife or razor is run along them  to  cut open the loops and free the wires, to create the pile.